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Eduard van Beinum (에두아르트 판 베이눔)

출생국가

Arnhem, Netherlands

활동년도

1900/09/03~1959/04/1

74

Beinum was born in Arnhem, Netherlands where he received his first violin and piano lessons at an early age. He joined the Arnhem Orchestra as a violinist in 1918. His grandfather was conductor of a military band. His father played the double bass in the local symphony orchestra, the Arnhemse Orkest (later Het Gelders Orkest). His brother Co van Beinum was a violinist, and the two brothers performed as a violin-piano duo in concerts. As a student at the Amsterdam Conservatoire, he gained conducting experience with several concerts by amateur ensembles in Schiedam and Zutphen. He also conducted concerts by the choir of the church of St. Nicholas in Amsterdam.


[edit] Concertgebouw Orchestra
Van Beinum was the conductor of the Haarlem Orchestral Society from 1927 to 1931. He first conducted the Concertgebouw Orchestra, Amsterdam in 1929. He became second conductor of the Concertgebouw Orchestra in 1931, under the supervision of Willem Mengelberg. In 1938 he was named co-principal conductor, alongside Mengelberg. After World War II, Mengelberg was dismissed as principal conductor of the Concertgebouw Orchestra, over the controversy over his (still-disputed) behavior and attitude towards the Nazi occupiers in the Netherlands. According to Kees Wisse, Van Beinum "detested the Nazis and kept himself as aloof as he could."[1] Van Beinum did receive a reprimand after the de-Nazification activities post-war, but this was not so severe as to keep him from his post with the Concertgebouw. Van Beinum remained as sole principal conductor of the orchestra after the war.

In 1947 he took over the leadership of the London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), but left after two successful seasons. According to Michael Kennedy in his biography of Sir Adrian Boult, Van Beinum was "not well," which led the LPO to seek Boult as a successor to him.[2] In general, Van Beinum suffered from health problems, including a heart condition, which left him unable to conduct for much of the 1950-1951 season of the Concertgebouw Orchestra.

Van Beinum made his US guest conducting debut in 1954, with The Philadelphia Orchestra.[3] He took the Concertgebouw Orchestra on its first US tour later in 1954.[4] In 1956, the year of Van Beinum's 25th anniversary with the Concertgebouw Orchestra, he was invested as a Grand Officer of the Order of Orange Nassau, and also received an honorary doctorate from the University of Amsterdam.[5] Outside of the Netherlands, he also served as music director of the Los Angeles Philharmonic from 1956 to 1959.

Van Beinum suffered a massive, fatal heart attack on April 13, 1959 on the Concertgebouw podium while rehearsing the Orchestra for a performance of Johannes Brahms' Symphony No. 1. He was buried in Garderen, located in the Veluwe region, where he maintained a residence. After his death, the Eduard van Beinum Foundation was established in 1960.

Beinum was married to Sepha Jansen, a violinist with the Concertgebouw Orchestra. Their son, Bart van Beinum, has published a book about his father, Eduard van Beinum, over zijn leven en werk, in 2000.[6] Van Beinum's recordings with the Concertgebouw Orchestra can be found on the Philips Records and Decca Records labels.

 

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