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Josef Krips (요제프 크립스)

출생국가

Wien, Austria

활동년도

1902/04/08~1974/10/1

76

Josef Alois Krips (April 8, 1902 – October 13, 1974) was an Austrian conductor and violinist.

Krips was born in Vienna, Austria, and went on to become a pupil of Eusebius Mandyczewski and Felix Weingartner. In 1921 he became Weingartner's assistant at Vienna Volksoper and chorus master. Afterwards he became conductor of several different orchestras. In 1933 he returned to Vienna as a resident conductor of the Volksoper. He also became a professor at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts in 1935.

After the Anschluss of 1938 he was forced to leave Austria. Krips moved to Belgrade, where he worked for a time with the local symphony orchestra, until Yugoslavia also became involved in World War II. For the remainder of the war he worked in a food factory.

Upon his return to Austria at the end of the war in 1945 Krips was one of the few conductors who were allowed to work, since he had not worked under the Nazi regime. He was the first conductor to lead the Vienna Philharmonic and the Salzburg Festival in the post-war period.

From 1950 to 1954 Krips was principal conductor of the London Symphony. Afterwards he led the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra and the San Francisco Symphony. He made his Covent Garden debut in 1963 and his Metropolitan Opera in 1966, becoming a frequent guest conductor from then on. In 1970, he became conductor of the Deutsche Oper in Berlin. Between 1970 and 1973, he was the principal conductor of the Vienna Symphony.

Krips died in Geneva, Switzerland in 1974 at seventy-two.[1]

 

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