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Isobel Baillie (이소벨 바일리)

출생국가

Hawick, Roxburghshire, Scotland, Britain

활동년도

1895/03/09~1983/09/2

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Dame Isobel Baillie, DBE (9 March 1895, Hawick, Scottish Borders - 24 September 1983 – Manchester, England) was a Scottish soprano, popular in opera, oratorio and lieder.

She worked as an assistant in a music shop, then as a clerk in Manchester Town Hall, and made her debut with the Hallé Orchestra in 1921. After studies in Milan, she won immediate success in her opening season in London in 1923. Regarded as one of the 20th-century's greatest oratorio singers, she gave over 1000 performances of Messiah. She was made a dame in 1978.

Her favourite work was George Frederick Handel's Messiah; she sang in it over a thousand times, from the age of 15.

In 1921 she was invited to appear with the Hallé Orchestra, and she made her first, highly successful, London appearance in 1923.

Widely praised for the purity and clarity of her tone, she was in demand for choral works; apart from the Messiah, she was noted in Joseph Haydn's The Creation, Felix Mendelssohn's Elijah, and Johannes Brahms's German Requiem. In 1933 she became the first British performer to sing in the Hollywood Bowl in California in 1933. In 1937 Arturo Toscanini chose her to sing Brahms's Requiem. Her performances of Gluck's Orpheus (always in English, so not Orfeo ed Euridice) and Charles Gounod's Faust were very popular.

However, her forte was British music, including Ralph Vaughan Williams' Serenade to Music (of which she was one of the original singers) and Edward Elgar's The Kingdom.

She taught at the Royal College of Music (1955-7, 1961-4), Cornell University (1960-1) and the Manchester School of Music (from 1970). She gave a few lessons to Kathleen Ferrier, and often sang with her.

In 1951 she was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire; in 1978 she was made a Dame Commander of that order.

She said that the best advice she had ever been given was "never sing louder than lovely", and she made that the title of her autobiography.

 

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