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Arleen Auger (아를린 오저)

출생국가

Long Beach, California, America

활동년도

1939/09/13~1993/06/1

7

Joyce Arleen Auger (or Augér) (September 13, 1939 - June 10, 1993) was an American soprano singer, admired for her coloratura voice and interpretations of works by Bach, Handel, Haydn, Monteverdi, Gluck, and Mozart.

She was born in South Gate, Southern California and lived in Hartsdale, New York. She learned piano and violin as a child. She received a BA in Education from California State University at Long Beach in 1963, and her first job was as a kindergarten and first grade teacher.

She studied voice from 1965 to 1967 with tenor Ralph Errolle in Evanston, Illinois, and began her professional singing career after winning the I. Viktor Fuchs Vocal Competition in Los Angeles in 1967, which brought her some singing engagements and airfare to Vienna; she also appeared with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra at this time. She was signed by the Vienna Staatsoper soon after her arrival there despite her lack of knowledge of the German language, after impressing Josef Krips, remaining with the company for seven years. Her debut was in Mozart's Die Zauberflöte under Josef Krips; she made her American debut with the same opera in 1969, with the New York City Opera. Her Metropolitan Opera debut was as Marzelline in Beethoven's Fidelio, under Karl Böhm.

With her background in education, she was a natural voice teacher. She taught from 1971 to 1977 at Göthe University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, where she moved in 1974, She also taught at the Salzburg Mozarteum. Her debut at La Scala was in 1975 in L’enfant et les sortilèges. From this time, she turned to lyric roles in opera and preferred to focus on her career as a concert singer, in early music as well as lieder, often accompanied in the latter by pianist Irwin Gage. She performed most of the soprano parts in Helmuth Rilling's Bach cantata cycle of the mid-1970s to mid-1980s, and at the other end of the spectrum, commissioned new song cycles by Libby Larsen (Sonnets from the Portuguese) and Judith Zaimont.

She performed Mozart's Exsultate, Jubilate in Westminster Abbey on July 23, 1986 to over 700 million TV viewers at the wedding of Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson; she later recorded this work along with the Great Mass in C minor under Leonard Bernstein, in 1990. On December 5, 1991, the bicentenary of Mozart's death, she sang his Requiem with Cecilia Bartoli and the Vienna Philharmonic conducted by Georg Solti in St. Stephen's Cathedral, Vienna, by this time already suffering from brain cancer. She made over two hundred recordings, including the complete soprano cantatas of Bach and the works of Schoenberg.

Auger won a Grammy for Best Classical Vocal Performance[1] in 1994 for her performances on the 1993 "The Art of Arlene Auger" (Koch International Classics 3-7248-2H1). The release was also notable for its recording debut of "Sonnets from the Portuguese" by American composer Libby Larsen. Auger also recorded for Delos International [2]. Stereophile's Jason Serinus wrote that her "exquisite album of Love Songs remains one of the finest compendiums of classical song ever issued."

Music critic Tim Page wrote that she was "the sort of artist whose work not only provided pleasure for her audience but also instruction for her colleagues [...] by any standards, hers was an exemplary career [...] She sang beautifully for more than a quarter century, she sang great music, and she never bowed or pandered to public taste. She was an artist, steady and serious to the end."

She retired in February 1992, after being diagnosed with a malignant brain tumour, a mass in the right parietal lobe of her brain which turned out to be a giant cell glial blastoma. After three brain surgeries, she died at the age of 53 in Barneveld, Leusden, the Netherlands, where she had lived during her illness. She was married and divorced twice, and was survived by her parents and brother.

 

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